Geoforms are specific geological forms or features, which have aesthetic,
scientific, cultural or instructive value and should be
protected and preserved for present and future generations. Although geologists have known about the value of geoforms,
it is only recently that they have become better known to the
They are natural monuments, which were formed throughout geological time
by means of a variety of geologic processes, including
denudation (erosion, weathering and transport), deposition,
earth movements, metamorphism and igneous activity.
Some of them were revealed by the action of Man in relation to
activities such as road construction, mining and quarrying.
Systematic and coordinated efforts were made by UNESCO
to record these natural monuments and heritage into the national
and international catalogues.
A number of geoforms have been identified, recorded and described (Figure GF1), and several of them have already been included in official catalogues in Cyprus. The better known geoforms in Cyprus include the flat topped, steep sided hills called “mesa” (Photos GF1, GF2), characteristic of the Mesaoria Plain, gorges (Photos GF3, Avakas), fossil sites (Photos GF5, GF18), caves formed in gypsum or limestone (Photos GF7, GFM1, GFM2, GFM3, GFM4, GFM5), rock and mineral outcrops (Photos GF8, GF9, GF10, GF11, GF12, GF19, GFRM1, GFRM2, GFRM3), prominent rock blocks (Photos GF13, GF14), mixed sulphide (copper) mines (Photos GF15, GF16), umber exposures (Photo GF17) and sea–borne pumice deposits.