has both metallic and
non-metallic or industrial mineral
metallic mineral resources are associated with the Troodos Ophiolite
Complex and include chromite
and sulphide deposits (pyrite
and copper ores). These
deposits have been formed in different stratigraphic horizons of
the ophiolite and emerged on the surface as a result of the
uplift of the ophiolite. The
surface exposition of the various metallic deposits, especially
that of copper, has resulted in its exploitation since
antiquity. Cyprus is one of the first places on Earth that the
exploitation, treatment and use of copper began.
The entire historical, social, cultural and political
evolution of the island was closely associated with the
exploitation of copper.
Cyprus was also known in ancient times for its asbestos and its natural (mineral) pigments such as umbers and ochres. Cyprus also has industrial minerals such as bentonite, gypsum, clay for the production of bricks and tiles, and raw materials for the production of cement and crushed aggregates.