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General Classifications of the Aquifers in Cyprus 


The aquifers of Cyprus

  Aquifers in Cyprus have been divided according to their thickness and lateral extent conditions in the report on “Survey of Groundwater and Mineral Resources of Cyprus” by UNDP. According to this classification the aquifers of Cyprus are divided into first-class and second-class, a subdivision which was adopted by later workers.


First-class aquifers are considered to be those that are sufficiently thick and of wide lateral extent and continuity over most of the aquifer area. These are found in Western Mesaoria, South-eastern Mesaoria and the Akrotiri Peninsula, and lend themselves to regional analysis and management. 


Second-class aquifers consist of pervious layers of highly variable thickness and limited lateral extent. They are associated with the fractured and karstic limestones of the Pentadaktylos Range, the reef limestone, gypsum and calcareous rocks of the autochthonous sedimentary succession surrounding the Troodos Massif as well as the coastal plain and river deposits.


The Troodos Massif was not fully studied during the UNDP project but later work, however, has shown that the igneous formations of Troodos have varying potentials as aquifers depending on lithology, structure and elevation.


The development of aquifers and the presence of water in the subsurface are evidently related to the capacity of rocks to store water in their pores, joints, cavities and fractures and to transmit it to water collection works, such as wells, boreholes galleries etc.



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