Mineral and Groundwater Resources
associated with the Troodos Ophiolite are the massive sulphide (e.g.
pyrite, chalcopyrite), chromite and asbestos mineral deposits. These ore deposits were formed in different
stratigraphic units of the ophiolite (lavas, dunite and
harzburgite respectively) and came to the surface as a result of
its uplift. The exposure of the ore bodies to the surface, and
especially that of massive sulphides, resulted in the discovery
and exploitation of copper since the ancient times.
The groundwater resources of Cyprus depend mainly on rainfall and the ability of the aquifers to store and transmit water. The main aquifers are developed in areas of clastic deposition and chiefly in broad valleys and river deltas. Such aquifers are those of western and eastern Mesaoria, Akrotiri and Paphos. Aquifers are also developed in porous rocks such as calcarenites, in limestones and gypsum that are characterised by karst (i.e. dissolution from water), and in fractured rocks such as the Troodos Ophiolite rocks (especially in the gabbros).